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Czech central Mountains

Czech Central Mountains geomorphological unit (in German Böhmisches Mittelgebirge) occupies an area of 1,265 square kilometers. It falls within an part of the Ore Mountain subprovince.


České středohoří stretches, for example, in the districts of Litoměřice or Česká Lípa. 84% of České středohoří territory is a protected landscape with an area of ​​1,063.17 square kilometers. The highest point is peak Milešovka (837 m), while the lowest point is the water level of Labe in Děčín (121.9 m asl).


České středohoří is with its area (1,265 square kilometers ), the length (over 70 km) and the width (up to 25 km), one of the smaller orographic units. It was created by volcanic activity and is the most massive manifestation of this process in the country. Hot magma came to the surface through Ohárecký rift, that existed along the river Ohře. Area is dominated by basalt rock (73.6%), the rest is formed trachyte and in small extent by andezite rocks. Territory intersects Litoměřický deep break thus forming a geological border between Central Bohemia and Ore area. Subsurface areas (Laccoliths) are present, built by cold magma. Volcanic cones began to lift the sandstone bedrock in the late Tertiary, in the Miocene (about 23 million years ago). Volcanics in some places broke through Czech chalk basin during the Pliocene (4.8 million years ago). Typical representatives are Trosky hills and Kunětická Mountain. The majestic landscape of the České středohoří is given by deepened valleys created by exposing the solidified subsurface magma with water streams. One of the most beautiful valleys is sculpted by river Labe. Is it Porta Bohemica - the Bohemian Gate. Basalt and phonolite mostly, from sediments marl and sandstone.

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MAP - Czech central Mountains